Un Agreement Libya

With immediate effect and until the new unity government takes office, all military training agreements in Libya will be suspended and training teams will leave Libyan territory. The GNA condemned the peace agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates as an „unsurprising betrayal of the United Arab Emirates“. [71] The government of national unification under the Libyan political agreement consists of a ministerial cabinet and a presidential council. The nine-member Presidential Council, chaired by the Prime Minister, is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, appointing the country`s military leadership. In accordance with the agreement, the Presidential Council presides over the ministerial cabinet, also based in Tripoli, and also appoints its members. [73] At the same time that the Libyan political agreement was signed, the two rival parliaments, the Libyan House of Representatives and the GNC, signed a declaration of principle in Tunis to form a government of national unity. Although it took place in parallel with the Libyan political agreement, the new agreement was separate from the UN-led agreement, a peace process that could prove acceptable to either the CNG or the Libyan House of Representatives. The new declaration included the creation of a 10-member committee, five from each party, which would jointly elect an interim Prime Minister and two MPs, with full parliamentary elections within two years. [48] Williams of the United Nations stated that, under the new agreement, armed groups and military units had agreed to „return to their camps“ and that the agreement would enter into force immediately.

On 6 December 2016, before the UN Security Council meeting, the UN Special Envoy to Libya, Martin Kobler, hinted that he was renegotiating the Libyan political agreement, which he said was „not etched in stone“. He later said the agreement was „firm, but established.“ [88] Despite the first agreements, the Libyan House of Representatives, based in Tobruk, voted against the GNA`s approval in the summer of 2016 and became its rival for the Libyan government. [33] In the first months of 2017, cooperation between the two governments has completely collapsed. In February, a meeting was held in Cairo between Field Marshal Khalifa Hafter and Prime Minister Sarray, but despite Egyptian and Russian pressure, the two sides failed to reach an agreement. [34] In March, the benghazi pro-GNA defence brigades took control of the oil facilities in the Gulf of Sidra by the Libyan National Army of the Eastern Parliament, which had conquered them as early as September 2016. The LNA launched a counter-attack and the Tobruk government urged the GNA to condemn its actions. The Libyan House of Representatives then withdrew the GNA`s recognition and called for new elections by early 2018. [35] The agreement also provides for the establishment of a joint military force and the possibility of monitoring violations, she added.

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